Namaste & Welcome

Welcome to my personal page on Hinduism. I live on the Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia. I am interested in teaching Hinduism (or Sanatana Dharma) as well as learning about the philosophical issues. I also want to dispel incorrect notions such as head-transplant, IVF, all of mathematics is present in the Vedas and other writings. This […]

Avataras in Hinduism

Avatara in Sanskrit actually means crossing down or descending from the heavens to lower worlds. Technically, incarnation in English means taking form (i.e., made with flesh) and is not the same as Avatara as there there is no notion of descending to a lower world. However, the terms are often used interchangeably . In the […]

Three Hindi Songs About Life in General

There are many songs that discuss all aspects of life including the role of pain and how to deal with it. In this article I choose three Hindi songs that can be linked to the teachings in Hindu scriptures. The first song Zindagi Kaisi Hai Paheli, from the movie Anand, is written by Yogesh, sung […]

Sankara’s Three Diverse Writings

Adi Sankara is one of the main proponents of the Advaita (Monist) philosophy. He has also written many shlokas (hymns) in praise of various Gods. This may appear to be contradictory, but Sankara and other advocates of Advaita have always indicated that most people start their spiritual journey by praying to Gods (who can be […]

Intoxication and Hindu Scriptures

Like all other aspects of life, Hinduism has no specific injunction against intoxication. This includes different intoxicants like alcohol and cannabis. While not condemned, alcohol was not fully accepted either. The Sanskrit root word mad (मद) means very happy, glad or animated but is also used to derive words that mean to be drunk or intoxicated. […]

Medical Ethics in Hindu Scriptures

The current pandemic is a good time to visit the issue of Dharma in the context of ethics related to the practice of medicine. In this article I summarise what is mentioned in various Hindu scriptures in the specific context of medical ethics. Most of these statements are in context of Ayurveda, the Caraka and […]

Atimarga and Mantramarga in Shaivism

I have already written about the different aspects of Shiva as well as outline the philosophy of Kashmir Shaivism. The more I look into Shiva, the more I am fascinated with the variety of philosophies associated with Shiva. In this article I will outline Atimarga and Mantramarga which are regarded as two major philosophies associated […]

Panchadashi: Commentary on Vedanta

Panchadashi, meaning 15 chapters, was written by Vidyaranya around the 8th or 9th century CE. It is divided into 3 sections each containing 5 chapters. It covers a variety of topics in detail including Maya, Samsara (the cycle of birth and death), and Moksha where one realises Brahman. Here I will focus on the main ideas […]

Vedanta and Happiness

There is no argument that all of us want to be happy. But what is happiness? One can define happiness as the absence of negative experiences be it thoughts or actions. The Upanishads described two broad types of happiness. The first is Sukha which covers feelings that are pleasant and when one is comfortable and […]

Summary of The Brihadaranyaka Upanishad

While it is hard to identify exactly when the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad was written, it is clear that it is one of the oldest Upanishads. It is a mixture of rituals and abstract philosophies. It is also the largest Upanishad. I will summarise the key points in each chapter of the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad. The first chapter […]